Ribogospod. nauka Ukr., 2018; 3(45): 16-27
УДК 639.2.052.2(575.2) (04)
Fish yield prediction in water bodies of the Kyrgyz Republic
, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, GCP/KYR/012/FIN Project, Bishkek Kyrgyz Republic
Purpose. The development of a Fish Yield Prediction Model for lakes and water reservoirs of the Kyrgyz Republic based on easily measured physico-chemical and biological indicators (limnological parameters) for the effective management and sustainable use of fish resources.
Methodology. Water samples for the analysis were taken once at each season (winter, spring, summer, autumn) during 2014 - 2015. The sampling included the collection of the following parameters: water temperature, acid-base balance of water (pH), electrical conductivity, dissolved oxygen, total dissolved solids (TDS), total alkalinity, nitrates, chlorophyll a. The samples were taken in surface layer of water at a depth of 0.5 m into 250 ml sterile chemical bottles. Chlorophyll "a" concentration was measured by a spectrophotometric method in laboratory conditions, according to a method described by Stirling H.P. The total alkalinity was determined by titration of sodium tetraborate solution (reverse titration), nitrates were determined by a photometric method with the Griss reagent after reduction in the cadmium reducing agent. The measurement of rapidly changing parameters, such as dissolved oxygen concentration (О2) was carried out by portable field equipment “OAKTON” DO 110, acid-base balance (pH) – “OAKTON” PH 11, measurement of water temperature, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids (TDS) was carried out with the device "Orion Star"A 322. All measurements were taken directly in water areas.
Findings. According to data analysis, a number of indices, such as the morpho-edaphic index (MEI), primary productivity and biomass of phytoplankton, are strong indicators of fish yield, both in temperate and tropical lakes and reservoirs. It was identified that with an increase in the morpho-edaphic index, fish yield per unit area increases. Based on the results of our analysis, a Fish yield prediction model in six water bodies of the Kyrgyz Republic was developed, which has the following form:
Y = 0.1154 х MEIc 1.1628;
Y = 0.5613 х MEIa 1.1786;
where: Y- fish yield, kg/ha/year;
MEIc - Morpho-edaphic Index of Conductivity;
MEIa - Morpho-edaphic Index of Alkalinity.
Originality. This is the first research on the empirical Model development of fish yield prediction for lakes and water reservoirs in Central Asian region. The proposed Fish Yield Prediction Model, developed on the basis of MEI, using the statistical method of analysis, has invaluable practical utility to understand the fisheries potential of lakes and water reservoirs in the region, where such environmental conditions prevail.
Practical value: If reliable data on fish stock assessment in water bodies are unavailable, the proposed model will be used as one of the tools in the management of fish stocks.
limnological parameters, morpho-edaphic index (MEI), empirical model of fish yield prediction, commercial fishery.
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